Despite the rapid growth of Sustainable Investing, some common
misconceptions persist. However, a growing body of academic research
and empirical evidence debunks the most common myths about
A growing body of evidence shows a positive relationship between ESG factors and investment returns. Academic research suggests that Sustainable Investing can produce returns that are comparable to traditional investing, but with lower levels of risk. Why? Because ESG factors can reveal previously hidden risks, helping investors potentially reduce the possibility of major drawdowns. That, in turn, can result in potentially higher risk-adjusted returns.
Research also suggests that companies with higher ESG rating can have lower costs of capital and can deliver higher shareholder value. In the coming years, ESG factors, in our view, could become increasingly important drivers of both corporate performance and potential investment returns.
When Allianz Global Investors signed the UN‘s Principles for Responsible Investment (PRI) in 2007, we were among the first 50 signatories1. Today, more than 2,500 asset managers, asset owners and others1 are signatories and half of all global institutional funds (about USD 60 trillion1) are managed according to PRI principles. In the US, ESG allocations increased 38% between 2016 and 2018 to USD 12 trillion1—more than one out of every four dollars managed professionally1.
The forces propelling Sustainable Investing into the mainstream are many, including investors’ realization that they can make an impact on society by choosing how to invest their funds, especially among young market participants; increased promotion of Sustainable Investing by regulators, especially in Europe; and the growth and economic viability of new technologies associated with Sustainable Investing; among others.
Source: 1 The US SIF Foundation; US Sustainable, Responsible and Impact Investing Trends Report; October 2018.
Some people are willing to pay more to ensure their investments have a positive impact on society and/or the environment. Luckily, investors today don’t have to make that choice: Actively managed ESG funds can produce higher risk-adjusted returns relative to traditional, non-ESG strategies, net of fees.
Academic research shows a positive relationship between ESG factors and investment returns. However, research also shows that the benefits of Sustainable Investing can only be realized fully through active asset management.
In other words, passive strategies using third-party ESG research to simply filter or exclude certain investments can be ineffective, regardless of cost. By contrast, strategies actively incorporating ESG factors into security selection can enhance risk mitigation and improve portfolio returns. This can result in higher risk-adjusted returns net of fees.
Active management can also enhance social and environmental impact. For example, investment professionals proactively influence executives at potential portfolio companies by proxy voting to promote positive ESG behaviours. This active engagement can help improve the total returns—environmental, social and financial—that investors receive in return for management fees.
Financial theory suggests that restricting investment choices can reduce portfolio diversification, leaving some investors to fear that Sustainable Investing will produce portfolios that are overly concentrated in some areas and lacking exposure to others.
However, academic research shows conclusively that incorporating ESG factors into portfolios does not hurt diversification or potential returns. For example, a recent analysis of sovereign-bond portfolios finds that excluding worst-in-class ESG-rated securities does not result in lower diversification or returns.
In other words, even after taking into account potential imbalances in portfolio weightings, portfolios that incorporate ESG considerations into their security-selection process are no more risky—and sometimes could actually have less risk—than traditional portfolios.
It’s a myth that Sustainable Investing is only for investors who prioritise social and environmental impact over financial performance. Today, a large and growing body of evidence shows a relationship between positive ESG practices and financial outperformance.
This evidence is making Sustainable Investing compelling to an expanding universe of investors who understand that they can both make an impact and improve their potential risk-adjusted returns. That’s why according to a recent Allianz Global Investors’ survey, 71% of institutional investors hope to manage their portfolios in accordance with ESG principles by 20302.
Source: 2 Allianz Global Investors; Sustainability Report 2019; April 2020.
Over the past two decades, subsidies helped make the US renewable energy and other emerging sustainable technologies viable and also helped to promote the concept of Sustainable Investing.
Times have changed. Today, sustainable businesses help produce healthy profits without subsidies. For example, it is typically cheaper to build and operate new solar and onshore wind installations in the US than to operate an existing coal plant without financial assistance.
Meanwhile, a growing body of evidence shows that a range of environmental, social and governance factors could enhance corporate performance. In other words, companies that take actions such things as hiring more women in senior roles, improving diversity and cutting their carbon footprint tend to perform better financially. The same may hold true in investment portfolios, where Sustainable Investing can lower portfolio risk and volatility while also potentially improving returns.